Top Reasons Your Baby Requires the NICU

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Sep 24, 2020

(3 min read)

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A neonatal intensive care unit or NICU specialises in caring for new-borns with special medical needs, such as an ill or premature baby or one that required surgery immediately after birth. This unit ensures round the clock care to make sure that the baby receives the medical attention it needs promptly.

The neonatal phase of your baby is from birth up to 28 days. If and when your child needs the NICU, the doctor will inform you within 24 hours of birth, says the best gynaecologist in South Delhi. Make sure you keep in constant touch with your doctor in the days leading up to the delivery and book a luxury hospital suite well in advance, for the most comfortable experience. In the meantime, here’s a look at the most common reasons why a baby will need the NICU.

1. Perinatal Depression

Your delivery might be traumatic, or some other medical problem might arise during delivery, leading to a decrease in blood flow and oxygen to the baby’s brain. This perinatal depression is treated by the cooling of the baby’s body. This helps to minimise chances of any brain injury that might occur due to the reduction of blood flow.

2. Prematurity

A baby is said to be premature when they are born before the 37th week of pregnancy. Prematurity is one of the most common reasons for admitting a new-born to the NICU. The reason for this is that since the baby was born before they could fully develop, they might need some help to transition to the outside environment.

3. Maternal Chorioamnionitis

A mother’s health is as important as that of the baby. Infection and inflammation of the placenta and the umbilical cord during or before labour is called maternal chorioamnionitis. This places the baby at high risk of contracting an infection. The most prominent symptoms in the mother for this condition include an increase in heart rate, uterine tenderness and fever. When maternal chorioamnionitis is diagnosed, the baby is admitted to the NICU and put on antibiotics for the first 48 hours. Once the doctor is certain the baby is healthy, they are discharged.

4. Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Respiratory distress syndrome is one of the most common problems found in the respiratory system of babies, which is caused by immature lungs. Cases that are identified as mild are usually treated using an oxygen machine, which pushes oxygen to the baby’s lungs through a mask. But for more severe cases, the baby might be inserted with a breathing tube or even put on a ventilator.

5. Anaemia

During the latter months of pregnancy, the fetus stores iron from the mother. Now, if the baby is born prematurely, it might not have enough iron to generate red blood cells, which can lead to the baby having anaemia. Infants with anaemia are usually prescribed with iron supplements or drugs that increase the production of red blood cells. In the rarest of cases, blood transfusion is also suggested.

If you have booked yourself into a luxury hospital suite in one of the best medical facilities in the city, you can rest assured that the staff will take appropriate care of your baby. Try to de-stress yourself and prepare to welcome your new-born back in your lap.

Information @ Finger Tips

Information @ Finger Tips

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